Mahbubnagar

Posted By Admin On Monday, February 14th, 2011 With 0 Comments

Mahabunagar is southern district of Hyderabad state under Nizam and bordered with River Krishna in the south and surrounded by the Nalgonda, Hyderabad, Kurnool, Raichur and Gulbarga districts. Mahabubnagar town is located at a distance of 96-km from Hyderabad.This place was formerly known as “Rukmammapeta” and “Palamooru”. The name was changed to Mahabubnagar on 4th December 1890, in honour of Mir Mahbub Ali Khan Asaf Jah VI, the Nizam of Hyderabad (1869-1911 AD). It has been the headquarters of the district since 1883 AD. The Mahabubnagar region was once known as Cholawadi or the land of the Cholas’. It is said that the famous Golconda diamonds including famous “KOHINOOR” diamond came from Mahabubnagar district. Telangana forms the core of the Satavahana Dynasty (221BC-218 AD), Part of Chalukyan Dynasty in South India (between 5th and 11th century AD) and in the recent history, it formed the core of the Golconda State and Hyderabad State, ruled by Qutub Shahi Dynasty (1520-1687) and Dynasty (Asaf Jahi Dynasty) (1724-1948) until it was taken over by New Delhi in 1948. This region became independent and joined in the democratic India on 18th September 1948. Telangana constitutes 10 districts: Adilabad, Karimnagar, Nizamabad, Medak, Warangal, Khammam, Hyderabad, Rangareddy, Nalgonda, and Mahabubnagar districts.Mahabunagar is southern district of Hyderabad state under Nizam and bordered with River Krishna in the south and surrounded by the Nalgonda, Hyderabad, Kurnool, Raichur and Gulbarga districts. Mahabubnagar town is located at a distance of 96-km from Hyderabad.This place was formerly known as “Rukmammapeta” and “Palamooru”. The name was changed to Mahabubnagar on 4th December 1890, in honour of Mir Mahbub Ali Khan Asaf Jah VI, the Nizam of Hyderabad (1869-1911 AD). It has been the headquarters of the district since 1883 AD. The Mahabubnagar region was once known as Cholawadi or the land of the Cholas’. It is said that the famous Golconda diamonds including famous “KOHINOOR” diamond came from Mahabubnagar district. It is very hard to understand the history of Palamoor as this region was always neglected by the rulers. And for most of the time, this region was ruled by very small regional rulers, Samasthans, Jamindars, Doras or land lords. More over, majority of Palamoor people always lived in poverty and slavery and Recording of History was never a priority. Nobody neither knows about their history nor they want to know it. Even today the people of this region struggle all their life for basic needs.History of this region can be understood by the dynasties ruled this region and the historical maps of India below.Asoka’s Kingdom – This region was southernmost land in the Asoka’s Empire in 250 BC (See the maps).Satavahana Dynasty (221BC-218 AD)Chalukyan Dynasty in South India (between 5th and 11th century AD)Rashtrakutas Dynasty – Ruled for a brief period in 9th CenturyKakatiya Dynasty (1100-1474 AD)Bahamanis Dynasty (1347 – 1518)Qutub Shahi Dynasty (1518-1687)Moghul Rule – Aurangazeb, the Mughal emperor, invaded Golconda in A.D.1687 and annexed it to the Mughal empire. Since then, Golconda became part of the Deccan Subha and a Nizam was appointed as an agent of the Mughal emperor. Thus, for about a period of 35 years it was ruled by the Moghuls, the last one being Mubariz Khan.Nizam Dynasty (Asif Jahi Dynasty) (1724-1948) – This dynasty acquired enormous wealth and lived most extravagant and lavish life for that time. Nizam VII was the richest man on the earth in his time. He was also awarded as “Faithfull Ally of British”. Though people suffered, they left behind lot of well known landmarks, rich treasures, art, lavish food style and rich culture.Time line of Telangana Region from 1800 ADSee this region in – Historical Maps of India from 650 BC to 1947 AD

region in – Historical Maps of India from 650 BC to 1947 AD

PRIME ATTRACTIONS
Temples And Mosques There are a number of temples at the place for the Hindus to worship and there are also about 14 mosques and 8 Dargahs, the important among them being those of Bagamaru Saheb, Syed Abdul Khader Saheb, Majoot Mardan Ali Shah Saheb, Umar Ali Shah and Baba Tajuddin.

Pillalamarri:
The most important place of interest near Mahaboobnagar is the famous banyan tree called Pillalamarri, which is about 8-km from the city. There is a shrine of a Muslim saint under the tree. From a distance the tree presents the appearance of a small hillock with green foliage but on reaching nearer, it looks like a large green umbrella under which about thousand people can easily take shelter. The tree is a very old one and it covers an area of 3 acres (1.21 hectares).

Alampur:
Alampur is located on the banks of Tungabhadra River and abounds in antiquities of the Chalukyan times. It is situated on the border between Kurnool and Mahaboobnagar districts of Andhra Pradesh. It is one of the most sacred “Shaivite” centres in AP It is a paradise for tourists interested in archaeological studies.

HOW TO GET THERE
Air: The nearest airport is at Hyderabad, 96-km away.
Rail: Mahaboobnagar has a railway station on the Secunderabad-Dronachellam section of the South Central Railway, and is well connected by rail to all the important places in and outside the district.
Road: Mahaboobnagar is well connected by road to all the important places of the state.

FAIRS AND FESTIVALS:
Shivagangamma Utsavam on Chaitra Suddha Poornima and Sri Pandurangaswamy Utsavam from Kartika Suddha Dasami to Kartika Poornima are some of the important festivals at the place.

Pillalamarri  : The most important place of interest near Mahabubnagar is the famous banyan tree called Pillalamarri, which is about 8-km from the city. The famous 500 yr. old Banyan tree here, covering an area of over three acres, can accommodate about 1000 people in its shade. There is a shrine of a Muslim saint under the tree. From a distance the tree presents the appearance of a small hillock with green foliage but on reaching nearer, it looks like a large green umbrella under which about thousand people can easily take shelter. The tree is a very old one and it covers an area of 3 acres (1.21 hectares)

Temples And Mosques
Temples and Mosques in Mahabubnagar district are symbols of Palamoor’s history. There are a number of temples and some dates back to 2nd century BC. There are also about 14 well known mosques and 8 Dargahs, the important among them being those of Bagamaru Saheb, Syed Abdul Khader Saheb, Majoot Mardan Ali Shah Saheb, Umar Ali Shah and Baba Tajuddin

Umamahesshwaram is located at a distance of 150 KM from Hyderabad and close by Achampet in Mahabubnagar District. Umamaheshwaram temple is situated on very tall hills of Nallamala forests and dates back to 2nd century A.D. To reach the temple, one has to ride on very steep and dangerous curves of 5 mile length from the bottom of the hill. It is well known as North Entrance to Srisailam (Jyotirlingam). Umamaheshwaram temple is in deep Nallamala forests and located in vast range of Scenic mountains. This place is popular for it’s Mysterious papanashanam where you can always find a mug of water, inspite with drawing any amount of water from it throughout the year. Nobody could figure out the source of water. Till today it is the home for innumerous Sadhus. The presiding deities in Umamaheshwaram are Mallikarjuna (Shiva) and Bhramaramba (Devi).

Alampur:

Location: 200 KM from Hyderabad, 90 KM from Mahabubnagar and 27-km From Kurnool
Previously Known As: Halampuram, Hamalapuram And Alampuram.
Architecture: Chalukyan sculpture
Also Known As: Navabrahmeshwara Theertha

Alampur is located in Mahabubnagar District and it is home to the very ancient Navabhramma temples dating back to the 7th century CE. Alampur is located at a distance of 200 km from Hyderabad. Alampur is considered to be the western gateway of Sree Sailam, the revered Jyotirlinga Shivastalam in Andhra Pradesh. The southern, eastern, and northern gateways are Siddhavattam, Tripurantakam and Umamaheswaram respectively.

The Tungabhadra and Krishna are in confluence near Alampur, which is also known as Dakshina Kailasam (as is Sree Kalahasti in Southern Andhra Pradesh).  Nine temples here referred to as the Nava Bhramma temples are dedicated to Shiva.

The Nava Bhramma temples were built by the Badami Chalukyas, who ruled for about 200 years from the middle of the sixth century onwards. The Badami Chalukyas built several temples in Karnataka, and the Alampur temples in Andhra Pradesh.The Alampur site preserves archeological remains in the form of temples exhibiting a hybrid style of architecture – dating back to the 6th-7th centuries CE. Some of the images from this site are also housed in a museum nearby.

The Nava Bhramma temples are Taraka Bhramma, Swarga Bhramma, Padma Bhramma, Bala Bhramma, Garuda Bhramma, Kumara Bhramma, Arka Bhramma, Vira Bhramma and the Vishwa Bhramma. These temples are all enclosed in a courtyard on the left bank of the river Tungabhadra.

The Bala Bhramma temple is the principal shrine of worship. It dates back to the year 702 CE – per the inscriptions seen here. Shivaratri is celebrated in great splendour here.

The Taraka Bhramma temple is partly in ruins, and it has no image in the sanctum. It bears telugu inscriptions from the 6th-7th century CE. The Swarga Bhramma temple   with an imposing tower  is considered to be among the finest in Alampur, and is an excellent specimen of Chalukyan architecture and sculpture. It contains several sculptures in bas relief, and it dates back to the end of the 8th century.

The Padma Bhramma temple partly in ruins, contains a Shivalingam of clear stone with mirror like finish. The Viswa Bhramma temple is among the most artistic of the Nava Bhramma temples. The sculptural work here depicts scenes from the epics.

Also in the enclosed courtyard is located the Suryanarayana temple, dating back to the 9th century. This temple has bas reliefs representing the incarnations of Vishnu.  There is also a Narasimha temple with inscriptions from the period of Krishna Deva Raya of the Vijayanagar Empire.

Near Alampur, is  Papanasam with a cluster of over 20 temples of varying sizes and styles. The most important of these is the Papanaseswara temple.

The following are the main temples to see in Alampur:

most important of these is the Papanaseswara temple.

The following are the main temples to see in Alampur:

  • Swarga Brahma temple Padma Brahma temple
  • Garuda Brahma temple Bala Brahma temple Arka
  • Brahma temple Kumara Brahma temple Vira
  • Brahma temple Vishva Brahma temple Taraka
  • Brahma temple

Education

Famous Government schools

  • Basic Practicing High School
  • Model Basic School
  • Girls High school
  • Police Line High School

There are many Schools apart from the above list Run by government and Private Institutions.

  • chaitanya central school , Near Bus-stand & Yenugonda.
  • Shantiniketan School , Padmavati Colony.
  • Little Scholars Public School

University

  • Palamuru University

Engineering Colleges

  • Jaya Prakash Narayan Educational Society Group of Institutions – School of Engineering & School of Pharmacy
  • Jayaprakash Narayan College of Engineering
  • Sri Vishvwshwaraiah Institute of Technology and Science
  • Sri Nagojirao Engineering Colege for Women (established 2009)
  • Sri Kottam Tulasi Reddy Memorial College Of Engineering and MCA

Medical Colleges

  • SVS Medical College
  • SVS Dental College
  • SVS Nursing College

Polytechnic Colleges

  • Government Polytechnic college [Mahabubnagar]
  • KDR Government Polytechnic College [Wanaparthy]
  • Government polytechnic college [Gadwal]established2009
  • jaya prakash narayan polytechnic college [Mahabubnagar]
  • agricultural polytechnic [palem]

MCA Colleges

  • Adarsha PG College
  • Government PG College
  • Al-madina college of computer science
  • Al-madina college of education
  • Jadcherla PG College
  • Sri Kottam Tulasi Reddy Memorial College Of Engineering and MCA

Degree Colleges

  • Govt.MVS Degree college
  • NTR Govt. Degree college for Women
  • Sri Vasavi Degree College
  • PHRM Degree College
  • Adarsha Degree College
  • Swami Vivekananda Degree College
  • Goutami Degree college
  • Sri Chaitanya Degree College

MSc Colleges

  • Sri Chaitanya PG College (Chemistry)
  • Adarsha PG College
  • Swami Vivekananda College

Computers Institute

Vishwam Computers(Gadwal)

Sports

Cricket is the predominant sport in the town. Apart from this athletics, basketball and various indoor games are given preference.

  • Mahabubnagar District Sports Ground, generally referred to as ‘Stadium’, organises intra, inter district matches/games.
  • Many people use Govt. Junior College ground for practice purposes

Politics

Latest General Elections were held on 16 April 2009 in Mahabubnagar and the following are winners:

  • Mahabubnagar Loksabha – K. Chandrashekar Rao of Telangana Rashtra Samithi party
  • Mahabubnagar Assembly – N. Rajeshwar Reddy INC(Indian national Congress).
  • Zilla Parishad – K.Damodar Reddy(Chairman)

Notable persons